Dictionary

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Stances (Tachi Waza)

1.fudo dachi: rooted stance
2.hachiji dachi: natural stance
3.hangetsu dachi: half-moon stance
4.heisoku dachi: informal attention stance
5.kiba dachi: horse stance / side stance
6.kokutsu dachi: back stance
7.kosa dachi: cross-legged stance
8.neko ashi dachi: cat stance
9.renoji dachi: L-stance (e.g. in the kata, Heian godan)
10.sanchin dachi: hourglass stance
11.katashi dachi: crane-like stance (e.g. in the kata Enpi)
12.tsuru ashi dachi: crane stance (e.g. in the kata Gankaku)
13.zenkutsu dachi: front stance
14.yoi dachi: basic stance
15.musubi dachi: both heels touching and feet at 45 degree angle

Preparatory positions

1.koshi gamae: hip preparatory position
2.manji gamae: “manji (卍)” -shaped preparatory position, one arm raised above and behind the head with the other arm blocking low in front of the body (e.g., in the kata, Heian godan)
3.manji uke: “manji (卍)”-shaped block
4.ryoken koshi gamae: double hip preparatory position (e.g. in the kata, Heian sandan)
5.morote koko gamae: double handed preparatory position (e.g. in the kata, Enpi)

Blocking techniques (Uke-waza)

Using the arms
1.age-uke: rising block
2.empi uke: elbow block (e.g. in the kata, Heian sandan)
3.gedan barai: sweeping low block
4.gedan morote barai: double sweeping low block (usually while going into kiba dachi)
5.haiwan uke: square side block (e.g. in the kata, Heian nidan)
6.juji uke: x block
7.kaisho age uke: open-palm rising block
8.kaisho haiwan uke: knife-hand square side block (e.g. in the kata, Heian yondan)
9.kaisho juji uke: open-palm x block (e.g. in the kata, Heian godan)
10.kakiwake uke: floating x block (e.g. in the kata, Heian yondan)
11.morote uke: double forearm block (e.g. in the kata, Heian sandan)
12.nagashi uke: rising palm sweep block (e.g. in the kata, Tekki shodan)
13.osae uke: palm block
14.otoshi uke: dropping forearm block
15.shuto age uke: rising knife-hand block
16.shuto gedan barai: knife-hand sweeping low block
17.shuto uke: knife hand block
18.shuto mawashi uke (roundhouse block with knife-hand)
19.soto uke: outside forearm block
20.sukui uke: scooping block
21.tate shuto uke: half knife-hand block
22.te osae uke: dropping palm block
23.uchi ude uke: inside forearm block
24.uchi uke: outside mid-level block
25.gyako uchi uke: reverse outside mid-level (e.g. in the kata, Heian nidan)
26.ude barai: reverse sweeping forearm block
27.kami tsukami: hair grab (e.g. in the kata, Enpi)
28.usiro gedan barai: back low sweeping block (e.g. in the kata, Enpi)

Using the legs
1.ashikubi kake uke: hooking ankle block
2.mika zuki geri uke: crescent kick block (e.g. in the kata, Heian godan)
3.nami ashi, a.k.a. nami gaeshi: leg snapping wave block (e.g. in the kata, Tekki shodan)
4.sokutei osae uke: pressing sole block
5.sokuto osae uke: pressing footedge block


Striking techniques (Uchi-waza)

1.Age empi: Rising elbow strike
2.Age Tsuki: Rising Punch
3.Choku zuki: Straight punch
4.chudan juki(originally,”tsuki”): mid-level punch
5.Empi uchi: Elbow strike
6.Gyaku zuki: Reverse punch
7.Haishu uchi: Back hand strike
8.Haito uchi: Ridge hand strike
9.Hisami zuki: Scissor strike
10.Jun Zuki: front hand ‘jab’ punch, differing from Kizami Zuki in that shoulders are square
11.Kagi zuki: Hook punch
12.Kizami zuki: jabbing punch (like a ‘jab’)
13.Mae mawashi empi uchi: Augmented side elbow strike (e.g. in the kata, Heian yondan)
14.Mawashi empi: Hook elbow strike
15.Morote zuki: Double punch (e.g. in the kata, Tekki shodan)
16.Nakadaka Ippon Ken : one knuckle fist
17.Nukite: Spear-hand strike
18.Oi zuki: Stepping punch
19.Sanbon zuki: Triple punch (age zuki, gyaku zuki, choku zuki)
20.Shuto uchi: Knifehand strike
21.Shuto yoko ganmen uchi (knife-hand strike to head)
22.Shuto sakotsu uchikomi (driving knife-hand to sternum)
23.Shuto sakotsu uchi (knife-hand strike to clavicle)
24.Shuto hizo uchi (knife-hand strike to spleen)
25.Shuto jodan uchi uchi (inside knife-hand to neck)
26.Sokumen empi uchi: Augmented elbow strike (e.g. in the kata, Tekki shodan)
27.Tate zuki: Half reverse punch, with a vertical fist
28.Teisho furi uchi: Sideways palm-heel strike
29.Teisho uchi: Palm-heel strike
30.Tettsui: Hammer-fist strike
31.Tettsui hasami uchi: Hammer-fist scissor strike
32.Tettsui yoko uchi (bottom fist strike to side)
33.Uraken uchi: Backfist strike
34.Uraken mawashi uchi (backfist circular strike to the head)
35.Uraken sayu ganmen uchi (backfist strike to side)
36.Uraken hizo uchi (backfist strike to spleen)
37.Ushiro empi ate (backwards elbow strike)
38.Ura zuki: Close short punch, with inverted fist, similar in nature to an ‘uppercut’
39.Ushiro empi: Back elbow strike
40.Yama zuki (“mountain punch”): Wide double fisted strike (e.g. in the kata, Bassai dai and Wankan)
41.Awase zuke: Narrow double fisted strike
42.Yoko empi: Side elbow strike
43.Yoko tettsui: Sideways hammer-fist strike (e.g. in the kata, Heian Nidan)
44.Gyaku age zuki: Rising reverse punch (e.g. in the kata, Enpi)

Kicking techniques (Geri-waza)
1.Ashi barai: Foot sweep
2.Fumikomi: Stomp kick
3.Hiza geri: Knee strike
4.Kin geri: Kick in the groin, performed like front kick but with the feet
5.Mae-ashi mae geri, a.k.a. choku geri: Front kick with front leg
6.Mae-ashi mawashi geri: Front roundhouse kick with front leg
7.Mae geri: Front kick
8.Mae Hiza geri: Front knee kick
9.Mae-ren geri: Double front kick (= double mae geri)
10.Mae tobi geri: Front flying kick
11.Mawashi geri: Roundhouse kick
12.Mawashi hiza geri: Circular knee kick
13.Mikazuki geri: Crescent kick
14.Nidan tobi geri: Double jump front kick
15.Tatsumaki senpuukyaku: Tornado hurricane kick
16.Tobi geri: Jump kick
17.Tobi hiza geri: Jumping knee kick
18.Tobi ushiro mawashi geri: Jumping reverse roundhouse kick
19.Ura mawashi geri: Upper inside roundhouse kick, a.k.a. hook kick
20.Ushiro geri: Back kick
21.Ushiro mawashi geri : Reverse roundhouse kick
22.Ushiro kekomi: Back side thrust kick
23.Otoshi Mawashi Geri: Circular falling kick
24.Yoko geri keage: Side snap kick
25.Yoko geri kekomi: Side thrust kick
26.Yoko tobi geri: Jumping side kick
27.yoni tsokia: Ducking leg hook

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